Welcome to Consumer Reports Advocacy

Consumer Reports is an independent nonprofit organization that works for a fair, safe and transparent marketplace.

Since we were founded as Consumers Union in 1936, we have advocated for the rights of all consumers. Now, we are united under the Consumer Reports name, bringing together our trusted testing, research, journalism, and advocacy.

We hope you will partner with us and our six million members for a better world.

Blue Cross and Blue Shield: A Historical Compilation

Blue Cross and Blue Shield plans across the country were created with the intention of providing affordable healthcare coverage in the nonprofit context with a community focus. The plans were established to fill significant holes in the healthcare system. They were created and promoted by the community, acting in the public benefit. Their history and involvement in creating an alternative healthcare coverage source—the voluntary, nonprofit prepaid health plan—and their subsequent participation in the development of the Medicare and Medicaid programs have helped ensure that more Americans obtain access to healthcare coverage.