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Consumer Reports praises USDA for declaring salmonella an adulterant at low levels in breaded raw chicken products

New USDA rule will help protect the public from foodborne illness outbreaks

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Consumer Reports applauded the USDA today for issuing a final rule that declares salmonella an adulterant in breaded stuffed raw chicken products at low levels so that the agency can more effectively respond to foodborne illness outbreaks. CR praised the rule as an important first step needed to address widespread salmonella contamination and is encouraging the agency to adopt additional measures to protect the public from the dangerous bacteria in other chicken products.

“Salmonella contamination in poultry sickens hundreds of thousands of Americans every year,” said Brian Ronholm, director of food policy for Consumer Reports. “The USDA’s new rule on salmonella in breaded and raw chicken products is a historic development in the effort to reduce Salmonella illness rates. This rule should represent just the beginning and will hopefully lead to additional efforts to address Salmonella contamination in other poultry products. ”

Breaded raw stuffed chicken products include some chicken cordon bleu and chicken Kiev products found in the freezer section of the grocery store.  These products may appear cooked to consumers but they contain raw chicken and are only heat-treated by manufacturers to set the batter or breading.

Under the new rule announced today, breaded and stuffed raw chicken products would be considered adulterated if they tested positive for Salmonella at 1 colony forming unit (CFU) per gram prior to stuffing and breading.  The adulterated designation would require companies to recall any product that tests positive above this low level of contamination, instead of waiting for outbreaks when people get sick.

Salmonella is widespread in chicken in part because of the often crowded and filthy conditions in which they are raised. A 2022 CR investigation, for example, found almost one-third of ground chicken samples tested contained salmonella.  Nearly 1.35 million Americans get sick from salmonella every year, about one-fifth of those cases come from chicken or turkey.

While the USDA requires producers to test poultry for salmonella, a processing facility is allowed to have the bacteria in up to 9.8 percent of all whole birds it tests, 15.4 percent of all parts, and 25 percent of ground chicken. Producers that exceed these amounts are given what amounts to a warning, but not prevented from selling the meat.

Consumer Reports has called on the USDA to set more aggressive goals to sharply reduce the percentage of chicken samples allowed to test positive for salmonella and to focus on reducing the salmonella strains that pose the biggest threat to human health. CR also believes the USDA needs more authority to inspect poultry plants and should close facilities immediately when high salmonella rates are found.